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Celluloid

A class of compounds created from nitrocellulose and camphor, with added dyes and other agents.
9 5 Cine Film

Celluloid is a class of compounds created from nitrocellulose and camphor, with added dyes and other agents. Generally considered the first thermoplastic, it was first created as Parkesine in 1856 and as Xylonite in 1869, before being registered as Celluloid in 1870. Celluloid is easily molded and shaped, and it was first widely used as an ivory replacement.

The main use was in movie and photography film industries, which used only celluloid film stock prior to the adoption of acetate safety film in the 1950s. Celluloid is highly flammable, difficult, and expensive to produce and no longer widely used; its most common uses today are in table tennis balls, musical instruments, and guitar picks.

Key Terms

added dyes
agents
camphor
celluloid
class compounds
definition
ivory replacement
parkesine
usage
xylonite

Additional Resources

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Acronymn

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Synonymns

Celluloid
(none found)
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