Digital Zoom

A method of decreasing the apparent angle of view that combines cropping and digital enhancement.

Digital zoom is a method of decreasing the apparent angle of view of a digital photographic or video image. Digital zoom is accomplished by cropping an image down to a centered area with the same aspect ratio as the original, and usually also interpolating the result back up to the pixel dimensions of the original. It is accomplished electronically, with no adjustment of the camera's optics, and no optical resolution is gained in the process.

When comparing the image quality achieved by digital zoom with image quality achieved by resizing the image in post-processing, there's a difference between cameras that perform potentially lossy image compression like JPEG and those that save images in an always lossless Raw image format. In the former case, digital zoom tends to be superior to enlargement in post-processing, because the camera may apply its interpolation before detail is lost to compression. In the latter case, resizing in post-production yields results equal or superior to digital zoom.

Modest camera phones use only digital zoom and have no optical zoom at all. Usually cameras have an optical zoom lens, but apply digital zoom automatically once its longest optical focal length has been reached. Professional cameras generally do not feature digital zoom.

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Digital Zoom
resources
  • What’s the Difference Between Digital and Optical Zoom? on howtogeek.com
  • Camera zoom explained: How optical, digital, and hybrid zoom work on androidauthority.com
  • Optical vs. Digital Zoom: Why Digital Is No Longer a Dirty Word on tomsguide.com
  • Optical vs. digital zoom on vimeo.com
  • The Difference between Optical Zoom and Digital Zoom on Your Digital Camera on dummies.com
source
Adapted from content published on wikipedia.org
credit
  • Image By Gsarwa - Own work, Public Domain — from wikimedia.org
Last modified on November 5, 2020, 9:04 am
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