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Video tape recorder

A tape recorder designed to record and playback video and audio material on magnetic tape.
1408px Ampex 2 Zoll

A video tape recorder (VTR) is a tape recorder designed to record and playback video and audio material on magnetic tape. The early VTRs were open-reel devices that record on individual reels of 2-inch-wide (5.08 cm) tape. They were used in television studios, serving as a replacement for motion picture film stock and making a recording for television applications cheaper and quicker. Beginning in 1963, videotape machines made instant replay during televised sporting events possible. Improved formats, in which the tape was contained inside a videocassette, were introduced around 1969; the machines which play them are called videocassette recorders.

Agreement by Japanese manufacturers on a common standard recording format, so cassettes recorded on one manufacturer's machine would play on another's, made a consumer market possible; and the first consumer videocassette recorder was introduced by Sony in 1971.

Key Terms

audio material magnetic tape
cm
early vtrs
open reel devices
record individual reels
tape
tape recorder
video
video tape recorder
vtr

Additional Resources

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Acronymn

VTR

Synonymns

Video tape recorder
(none found)

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Sources & Credits

Last modified on October 4 2019
Content adapted from Wikipedia
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