Carl Theodor Dreyer (3 February 1889 – 20 March 1968), commonly known as Carl Th. Dreyer, was a Danish film director. His movies are noted for their emotional austerity and slow, stately pacing. Frequent themes that his films explore are unequal struggle of women and the innocent against repression and social intolerance, the inescapability of fate and death, the power of evil in earthly life. Dreyer is regarded by many critics and filmmakers as one of the greatest directors in cinema.
His 1928 movie The Passion of Joan of Arc is considered to be one of the greatest movies of all time, renown for its cinematography and use of close-ups. It frequently appears on Sight & Sound's lists of the greatest films ever made, and in 2012's poll it was voted the 9th best film ever made by film critics and 37th by film directors. His other best known films include Michael (1924) Vampyr (1932), Day of Wrath (1943), Ordet (1955), and Gertrud (1964).