jack Cardiff, OBE, BSC (18 September 1914 – 22 April 2009) was a British cinematographer, director, and photographer. His career spanned the development of cinema, from silent film, through early experiments in technicolor to filmmaking more than half-a-century later.
He was best known for his influential color cinematography for directors such as Powell and Pressburger (A Matter of Life and Death, Black Narcissus, and The Red Shoes), John Huston (The African Queen) and Alfred Hitchcock (Under Capricorn). He is also known for his work as a director, in particular, his critically acclaimed film Sons and Lovers (1960) for which he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best director.
In 2000, he was appointed as an Officer of the Order of the British Empire, and, in 2001, he was awarded an Academy Honorary Award for his contribution to the cinema.